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# Physics 101: understanding Einstein’s E=MC² equation and its practical applications

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I’ll just come straight out and say that although I love physics, but understanding all the complicated mathematics behind it is not an easy feat most of the time. Perhaps some of you can relate. Well, it turns out that you don’t actually have to be a physicist in order to understand some of the most important equations around. In fact, sometimes all you need is a few examples and some simple explanations. Admittedly, understanding the meaning of something and understanding how to put that something into practice are wildly different things, but I believe that knowledge in and of itself is always useful even if you won’t come across a situation where you might be able to use it for practical purposes. But at the very least, understanding a bit of physics makes a great topic of conversation in many social settings.

With that in mind, let’s take a look at the most well known physics equation out there, E=MC², also known as the energy-mass equivalence. So what does it mean? This famous equation is part of Einstein’s theory of special relativity and it simply explains that the energy of an object is equal to its mass. Or as the text in the picture reads, “the faster you move,  the heavier you will get”, although the formula is used to explain a wide variety of other things as well. As you’ve probably already guessed, “E” stands for energy while “M” stands for mass.

But what about the last part? Well, C is the speed of light, so C² is the speed of light squared. The last part is there to explain that mass is not converted into energy just like that. When the conversion takes place and the energy comes into being, this energy is not stationary, but rather moving at very high speeds – around 300 million meters per second to be precise, which is the speed of light in a vacuum. Fun fact: the “C” comes from the Latin word Celeritas, which means speed or velocity. What this all means is that even a very small amount of matter can release a huge amount of energy, as already proven by atomic bombs which were built with this formula in mind, among other things.

This important physics equation can also help us to develop technologies that allow objects to travel at very high speeds – potentially near or even faster than the speed of light – while using small amounts of matter that release a tremendous amount of energy. You’ve likely already seen potential applications for this in science-fiction where they use a warp drive based on this principle to power and propel the USS Enterprise (the Star Trek starship, not the US navy’s aircraft carrier). Having said that, a warp drive would in theory allow FTL (faster-than-light) travel, a concept that’s not easy to wrap your head around because it contradicts E=MC². As mentioned before, “the faster you move,  the heavier you will get”, so an object approaching the speed of light would eventually reach infinite mass and require infinite amounts of energy to propel further beyond that.

Needless to say, the idea of FTL travel presents a few problems for anyone who is interested in understanding physics and even for those who already do. A warp drive should be able to bypass most of these problems and not break the laws of physics thanks to the mechanisms by which it functions. FTL travel would be achieved by bending space-time ( which is possible as explained by Einstein’s theory of general relativity) and encasing the object into a warp bubble that’s created by the warp drive itself. This way, the object inside would be protected from all effects that should otherwise tear it to pieces or make it infinitely heavy while travelling faster than the speed of light. As for the energy issue, a warp drive would have to be powered by antimatter or some other form of exotic matter. As stated by the theory of special relativity, small quantities of matter are able to be converted into high amounts of energy, so presumably powering a warp drive is not impossible, although we would need to use some very unconventional means and forms of matter in order to achieve something like this.

As you can see, this famous physics equation has some incredible potential applications, all of which involve creating huge amounts of energy while using small amounts of mass. In addition, energy-mass equivalence would also allow us to create matter out of pure energy, a feat that was actually considered impossible (despite being theoretically sound) back in the day when Einstein first proposed his theory of special relativity. But thanks to all the technological advancements we made since then, this previously impossible task is now known to be very much achievable, although all the experiments conducted so far have yielded minimal results. Still, scientists were already able to transform light into matter on a very small scale and further research might be able to lead to some more impressive results on a larger scale at some point in the future.

Hohlraum – a type of chamber used to convert pure energy into matter

Now, unfortunately I’m not a physics professor and there’s only so much I can understand myself, but hopefully you were able to find this article helpful in your endless pursuit of knowledge. I’m actually thinking about turning this into a series of sorts, so if you have any suggestions or if there are any specific things that you want to learn about don’t hesitate to share your thoughts in the comments section below. I’m all years. If I may, I would like to end this with a quote from Albert Einstein that’s almost as famous as his E=MC² formula: “if you can’t explain it simply you don’t understand it well enough.” Hopefully all the explanations I gave were simple enough.

Although George has many hobbies, he likes nothing more than to play around with cameras and other photography equipment.

# 5 Reasons You NEED To Play The Final Fantasy VIII Remaster

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After many years of fans begging Square Enix to remaster Final Fantasy VII, they finally listened and did just that. There were numerous excuses as to why the game’s re-release had lagged behind the re-releases of both VII and IX, with the most common excuse being that the game’s original code was lost years ago. However, the company made it happen and the game is finally available for modern audiences to play on modern hardware today. We’re going to give you 5 reasons why you should do just that.

## First time available on modern hardware

As we’ve already said, this is the first time that the game is available on modern hardware. While the game originally launched for PS1 back in 1999, it later got a PC port in 2000. That means that is has been a whopping 19 years since a new version of the game has been available for purchase, and that wait was a brutal one. However, it is finally over and you can now play this classic game on PS4, Xbox One and Nintendo Switch along with PC. If the lack of modern hardware support was stopping you from checking out, that excuse just got thrown out the window.

## The visuals look better than ever

Thankfully, Square Enix did not just slap this port together quickly and throw it out there to shut everyone up. They did a terrific job of putting on a shiny new coat of paint for the game, with the character models in particular looking much better. While things like environment textures didn’t get quite the same amount of attention, this is nevertheless the best that the game has ever looked. It also helps that the game is simply beautiful from a design standpoint, with the game’s world being gorgeous to behold even though we’re dealing with the hardware limitations of 1999.

## Quality of life improvements

While those who played the game 20 years ago will still be getting what is essentially the same experience, Square Enix did add some quality of life improvements to put it more in line with current JRPGs. These changes include the likes of increasing battle speed by 3 times, shutting off random encounters completely and even a cheat to give you max HP and limit breaks. While these may seem minor, these will go a long way to ease some of the tedium that many feel after some particularly long gaming sessions. Max HP and Limit Breaks will also make the incredibly tough Ultima and Omega Weapon boss fights a lot easier to deal with.

The Final Fantasy series is known for having its fair share of enticing side quests and mini games, but there isn’t a single one that is as addicting as Triple Triad. The game is essentially a card game that is played on a 3×3 grid, and each card has a certain number on the top, bottom, left and right sides. You need to place your cards in a manner that the numbers on your cards are higher than your opponents, and seeing as your card can be attacked from four different sides this can be tricky. You’re able to challenge many different characters to a match throughout the course of the entire game, and doing so comes with plenty of nice rewards that will make your quest easier.

## The game is awesome

While our previous points focused on specific elements of the game, this one is a simple fact that has been true since 1999: the game is awesome. Unfortunately, releasing immediately after Final Fantasy VII (a watershed moment for gaming) put it under a very cruel microscope, with many knee jerk reactions simply saying it “isn’t as good as VII.” However, in the years that have passed people have revisited the game, and the consensus has definitely changed. This adventure that Square created is unlike any other in the series, being host to an ambitious and bizarre plot filled with some of the best characters the series has ever seen. If you’ve played the game before then this is the perfect time to experience this masterpiece all over again, and if you haven’t then what are you waiting for?

# 10 Huge Games Still Coming In 2019

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2019 has been yet another good year for gaming so far, with several games releasing that will be big contenders for game of the year once the curtain closes. However, despite the year already being more than halfway over, there are still some huge titles on the horizon that are sure to make their own dents on the coming best-of lists. This article will list the 10 biggest games that are still coming in 2019.

## Control

A new game from Remedy Entertainment is always highly-anticipated, and Control is no different. The game is an action-adventure game in the same style as Alan Wake or Quantum Break, but with a supernatural twist. Players will control Jesse Faden, who possesses a variety of supernatural abilities like telekinesis, levitation and more. She will be using her abilities in order to defeat an enemy known only as the Hiss, which has corrupted reality. Control launches for PS4, Xbox One and PC on August 27th.

## Borderlands 3

It has been many years since the last game in the Borderlands series released, but the hiatus is finally coming to an end very soon. Those who have played previous games in the series will feel right at home with this game, as it’s once again a loot-driven FPS. The game will offer more zany characters and a charming and insane world to explore, all while dealing with new antagonists Troy and Tyreen Calypso along with their Children of the Vault cult. Borderlands 3 launches for PS4, Xbox One and PC on September 13th, with a Google Stadia port release date being TBA.

## Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon Breakpoint

Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon series is returning soon with Breakpoint, which will serve as a continuation of previous game Wildlands. The game is set in an open world environment called Aurora, which is a fictional island in the Pacific Ocean. Players will control Lieutenant Colonel Anthony “Nomad” Perryman, who is a special forces operative that was sent to the island to investigate a series of disturbances in the area. Breakpoint launches for PS4, Xbox One and PC on October 4th, with a Google Stadia port coming in November.

## Call of Duty: Modern Warfare

Each new installment in the Call of Duty series is always huge, but Modern Warfare’s release marks a first for the long-running franchise. It will be the first game in the series that is reimagining of a previous game in the series, taking 2004’s original game and updating its mechanics and themes to match today’s world. The game will still have some of the beats that the first game had, but will also incorporate lots of surprises to make it a fresh experience. Modern Warfare launches for PS4, Xbox One and PC on October 25th.

## The Outer Worlds

Obsidian Entertainment’s The Outer Worlds is one that will be very highly-anticipated for fans of Fallout: New Vegas, as this game serves as a sort of spiritual successor to that game. It will be an open world RPG that allows you to explore many unique areas crawling with plenty of deadly foes. Players will also be able to encounter and recruit NPCs as companions that have their own personal missions and stories to take part in. The Outer Worlds launches for PS4, Xbox One and PC on October 25th, with a Switch port also being in the works.

## Luigi’s Mansion 3

It seemed very unlikely that Luigi’s Mansion would become a recurring franchise for Nintendo following the original GameCube game, but here we are. Luigi’s Mansion 3 is coming to Switch, which also means it will be the first home console release since the original game back in 2003. This time the game is set in a haunted hotel rather than a mansion, and Luigi has some new tricks up his sleeves to take down all those ghosts. Luigi’s Mansion 3 will launch exclusively for Nintendo Switch on October 31st.

## Death Stranding

If you’re looking for the most ambitious (and weirdest) game still coming in 2019, then look no further. Hideo Kojima’s Death Stranding has perplexed gamers ever since its announcement, and each new trailer that releases just brings more and more questions to the table. It is Kojima’s first game since breaking up with Konami after the release of Metal Gear Solid V: The Phanton Pain (and the cancellation of Silent Hills), and it looks like Kojima has taken the newfound complete creative control to deliver something truly original. Death Stranding launches exclusively for PS4 on November 8th.

## Pokemon Sword & Shield

At this point we all know what to expect from a new Pokemon game, and Sword and Shield seems poised to deliver even more cute creatures for players to capture and battle very soon. What sets Sword and Shield apart from its predecessors is that it will be the first home console release for the series, which is saying something considering the series has been around for over 20 years. Pokemon Sword & Shield launches exclusively for Switch on November 15th.

## Shenmue III

If you’re a fan of Shenmue then nothing needs to be said for the inclusion of the upcoming third game on this list. Fans of the series have been waiting nearly two decades for a follow-up to the second game, and in just a couple of months that will finally be delivered to them. Brought to life thanks to an extremely successful Kickstarter campaign, the game continues the adventure of protagonist Ryo Hazuki as he hunts down his father’s killer. Shenmue III will launch for PS4 and PC on November 19th.

## DOOM Eternal

id Software’s DOOM 2016 was one of the best FPS games to come along in years, so it’s a no-brainer that the follow-up would be on this list. Eternal is set to offer yet another intense FPS campaign for players to plunge into, while also offering a multiplayer component that greatly improves upon the last game’s underwhelming multiplayer mode. There will also be twice as many demon types than there was in the last game, meaning that the chaos level just got that much higher. DOOM Eternal launches for PS4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch, Google Stadia and PC on November 22nd.

# 5 Most Exciting Announcements From The Xbox E3 2019 Press Conference

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Microsoft’s Xbox E3 2019 Press Conference has officially come to an end, and with it came plenty of big announcements to get excited about. Some new games were announced, whereas previously-announced games got new footage and/or release dates. In this article we’ve narrowed it all down to the 5 most exciting announcements.

## New Xbox “Project Scarlett” Coming Holiday 2020

We’ve known for a while now that a new Xbox was in the works, but now we know when to expect it. Microsoft’s fourth console (which hopefully has a better official name than Xbox One did) will be a big step up from the previous console. Things like much faster load times, an AMD Processor that is four times more powerful than the Xbox One X, 8K Resolution and 120 FPS were all mentioned. A price and exact release date weren’t mentioned. It will also be launching with…

## Halo Infinite Coming Holiday 2020, Launching On Both Xbox One and Project Scarlett

The wait for the next Halo game has been longer than ever before for series fans, and the announcement at E3 revealed that the wait will continue. Halo Infinite will not be launching until Holiday 2020, meaning it will have been 5 years since the previous game released with Halo 5. It will also be launching on Xbox One and Project Scarlett, meaning the new console will have a big launch title for fans to get pumped about.

## Cyberpunk 2077 Coming April 2020, Stars Keanu Reeves

It’s hard to pick a game that people have been more excited about than Cyberpunk 2077, and after Microsoft’s press conference we’re even more excited. Not only is it coming in April of next year, but Keanu Reeves himself will be playing a “key” role in the game. Everything shown from the game has looked great so far, so hopefully it all pans out and we have another classic from CD Projekt RED come April 2020.

## FromSoftware and George R.R. Martin Collaboration Elden Ring Announced

This one was actually leaked prior to the presentation, but Dark Souls developer FromSoftware and Game of Thrones author George R.R. Martin are collaborating on a new game. The game is called Elden Ring, and it will be a departure from the developer’s most recent games as it will be open world. Very little information on the game is known at this point, as it is still in the early stages of development.

## Phantasy Star Online 2 Is Coming West

It took a very long time, but the popular MMORPG is finally coming west. The game is coming to Xbox One in a free-to-play form in Spring 2020, so the wait won’t be that much longer. “There will be no limitations on game experiences,”says Sega, because they want to “provide all players with a fair and exciting experience.”