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Crowdfunding legislation gets Kickstarter precedent

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One of the problems of the recent past was crowdfunding scams which became widespread once crowdfunding engines like Kickstarters, GoFundMe and Indiegogo went viral. Many Kickstarter and Indiegogo projects ended up being successful viral campaigns, such as the Exploding Kittens cardgame created by The Oatmeal (amazing game, fyi). But the popularity of crowdfunding as a way of starting (or keeping alive) a business came with a few risks for individuals deciding to back and fund these projects: empty promises. Bogus campaigns are usually quickly taken down by administrators, but some have previously slipped through the cracks, some 3 years ago even.

In Washington, a court has set a precedent for unfulfilled Kickstarter crowdfunding projects, as it ruled that a project starter on the website who didn’t fulfill their orders must issue refunds to the backers. The ruling comes as a precedent, seeing as before, the implication of local or national legislation in crowdfunding was minimal. Although the ruling only impacts backers of the unfulfilled project residing in the court’s district, the precedent and the judge both urge other backers who have been scammed by crowdfunding projects to turn to their councils and file complaints against the swindling companies. They will be protected under their state’s Consumer Protection Act, which was violated by Altius Management in Washington’s case.

Washington attorney general Bob Ferguson had filed suit against Edward J. Polchlopek III of Altius Management, who had failed to deliver rewards to backers of his Asylum Playing Card Kickstarter Project, which was successful and funded in October 2012. The project promised backers playing cards and collector’s items by December of the following year, but only in June 2015 have backers of the project reported receiving some of their rewards. Attorney Ferguson ruled in court in July that Altius Management, the company behind Asylum Playing Card, should refund the 31 backers in Washington district and pay all the fees associated with the lawsuit.

Altius Management paid $668 to 31 backers residing in Washington state, $31,000 for violating the state Consumer Protection Act, a violation that requires a fine of $1000 per consumer, and another ~$23,000 for court costs. Although a case involving a moderate amount of money, it is still an important step in making the crowdfunding environment scam-free.

The Altius Management case becomes the first Kickstarter project to set a legislative precedent for crowdfunding theft, which is no longer tolerated by Washington state, according to attorney Bob Ferguson. Although the ruling only impacts a small number of people, it is an important milestone in crowdfunding history. With this case, people can rest assured that legislation will be behind them in case the Kickstarter, Indiegogo, GoFundMe projects they back don’t deliver their rewards.

The move and conclusion of the case will surely have a positive impact on the crowdfunding industry, as it provides assurance for backers and site owners, as it holds project creators accountable through the law. We expect crowdfunding to reach a new peak in the following few years, as more people feel comfortable backing projects that they’re interested in and see a future for. We also expect to see more shady projects to be unconvered and creators held accountable in the next few years.

As part of the editorial team here at Geekreply, John spends a lot of his time making sure each article is up to snuff. That said, he also occasionally pens articles on the latest in Geek culture. From Gaming to Science, expect the latest news fast from John and team.

Bionics

Redwire Space produces human knee cartilage in space for the first time

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Redwire Space has “bioprinted” a human knee meniscus on the International Space Station, which could treat Earthlings with meniscus issues.

The meniscus cartilage was manufactured on Redwire’s ISS BioFabrication Facility (BFF). The BFF printed the meniscus using living human cells and transmitted it to Redwire’s Advanced Space Experiment Processor for a 14-day enculturation process for BFF-Meniscus-2.

SpaceX’s Crew-6 mission returned the tissue to Earth after culturing. UAE astronaut Sultan Al-Neyadi and NASA astronauts Frank Rubio, Warren Hoburg, and Stephen Bowen investigated.

Redwire collaborated with the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Center for Biotechnology, which studies warfighter remedies, for the trial. Meniscus injuries are the most prevalent orthopedic injuries in U.S. service members.

In recent months, Redwire Space has advanced biotechnology. The subsidiary of Redwire Corporation launched a 30,000-square-foot biotech and microgravity research park in Indiana this summer.

Redwire EVP John Vellinger called the printing “groundbreaking milestone.”

He stated, “Demonstrating the ability to print complex tissue such as this meniscus is a major leap forward toward the development of a repeatable microgravity manufacturing process for reliable bioprinting at scale.”

The company has long-term bioprinting and space microgravity research goals. Redwire will fly microgravity pharmaceutical drug development and cardiac tissue bioprinting payloads on a November SpaceX Commercial Resupply trip to the ISS.

Sierra Space agreed to integrate Redwire’s biotech and in-space manufacturing technology into its Large Integrated Flexible Environment (LIFE) space station module. Orbital Reef, a private space station designed by Blue Origin, Boeing, and others, will include LIFE.

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Industry and Service

Best Practices for Using Composite IBC Totes

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According to the International Organization for Standardization (IOS), totes are classified into two categories. Let us take a closer look: 

First, there are intermediate bulk container (IBC) totes that are described as rigid. These are often made from metal, wood, or fiberboard. They are designed as a single unit and do not call for additional support when they are filled up. 

Then there is the composite kind. These are made up of a cage that supports and protects the inner lining when weight is added. As a result, the lining and the cage work in tandem as one unit. 

 

In this read, we are going to dive into the gist of things and explore practices that you should implement when it comes to using your 330 reconditioned IBC totes. Keep in mind that these are general requirements and you should seek specific advice from your supplier as your needs may be different. 

-If you intend to store products meant for human use, ensure the totes are food grade. This helps ascertain harmful interactions or reactions do not happen during transportation or storage. 

-When handling items with extremely low flashpoints, store them in totes that are explosion-proof. Some materials, however, will need permeation barriers to prevent them from diffusing through the lining. 

-In regards to hazmat transit, the container’s material as well as filling material compatibility should undergo thorough testing. These tests, however, can differ between European and American regions. They are put into place to determine the best material to use for your situation and so, is imperative to allocate enough time for comprehensive testing. 

 

The Best Practices for Filling & Handling/Shipping IBC Totes

 

  1. Filling

In order to fill a tote, the following three things should be done: 

-Close the outlet valve

-During filling, the process should be performed at atmospheric pressure, and shouldn’t go beyond 70ºC/158ºF. Therefore, the tote should not be pressurized. 

-During the cooling stage, the receptacle should be vented. This is to prevent vacuum deformation from occurring. Once this is done, ensure the cap is screwed in tightly. 

 

  1. Handling or Shipping

-The totes should be well-secured to make sure no damage occurs during transit

-Never use tie ropes on the totes with the intention of moving them this way. 

-If you are using a pallet jack or a forklift to handle the IBC totes, the forks should reach the pallets’ entire length. 

 

  1. Storage or Stacking

-Prior to stacking, it is imperative to identify the plate for stack testing. This helps determine whether the IBC totes are stackable. 

-Always put nesting into consideration. It means arranging the totes in a way that they fit closely together. An effective way to do this is by using a two on two configuration. 

-During transportation, the stack should not go beyond two layers

 

  1. Emptying

-When emptying a tote, only do it through the lower outlet valve. 

-Open the top before emptying to avoid a vacuum collapse

-If you are emptying through a pipe or a pump, make sure that it is supported and does not rely on the cage. If you use the cage to support the pump or pipe, the vibrations are likely to cause damage to the cage. 

 

The Takeaway

These are some of the general practices when handling composite IBC totes. It is also important to note that these practices are just the tip of the iceberg. As such, we recommend forming a relationship with a supplier that has been in the field for years to ensure that you always make informed decisions.

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Artificial Intelligence

The Matter standard is now supported by Google’s smart home appliances

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Only if goods truly support it can the Matter standard facilitate the use of smart home appliances from different brands. You don’t even need to download or install any updates because Google has just announced that it has enabled Matter compatibility for its Nest and Android devices. This means that Matter can now be controlled by the Google Home speaker, Google Home Mini, Nest Mini, Nest Audio, Nest Hub (1st and 2nd gen), Nest Hub Max, and the new Nest WiFi Pro.

Additionally, Google has made Matter compatibility available for Fast Pair on Android, which will let you to connect Matter-enabled devices to your home network “as rapidly as you can pair a set of headphones.” This functionality will make it simple to integrate your devices with apps and smart home ecosystems once they are linked. The tech behemoth has also upgraded the Nest Wi Pro, Nest Hub Max, and Nest Hub (2nd gen) to include Thread border router functionality. In this manner, you can utilize them to link items that support Thread, the networking standard for low-power gadgets like smart locks.

Since 2019, the Connectivity Standards Alliance, of which Google is a member, has been working on the Matter standard to address the fragmentation issue in the smart home market and make it simpler to use products from various manufacturers. It had to postpone Matter’s release a few times before it was eventually able to roll out the standard’s version 1.0 definition and product certification program this October. It had originally planned to introduce the standard in 2021. Soon after Matter was released, Samsung said that it is collaborating with Google to make it simple to add devices that are already configured with SmartThings to Google Home and vice versa. One of the other founders of the Alliance, Amazon, also provided a list of the 17 Echo devices that will support the standard as of this month.

The number of products that are Matter-enabled is now somewhat small, but according to Google, this holiday season and early 2023 will witness an increase. With the exception of the aforementioned Google items, all devices that implement the standard will be identified by the Matter badge and will function with all other Matter devices right out of the box.

 

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